Isoflurane Bilaterally Modulates Neuronal Excitability

2019-12-19T07:21:22Z (GMT) by Mengchan Ou Wenling Zhao Cheng Zhou
Volatile anesthetics induce hyperactivity during induction while producing anesthesia at higher con- centrations. They also bidirectionally modulate many neuronal functions. However, the neuronal mechanism is unclear. The effects of isoflurane on sodium channel currents were analyzed in acute mouse brain slices, including sodium leak (NALCN) currents and voltage-gated sodium channels (Nav) currents. Isoflurane at sub-anesthetic concentrations increased the spontaneous firing rate of CA3 pyramidal neurons, whereas anesthetic concentrations of isoflurane decreased the firing rate. Isoflurane at sub-anesthetic concentrations enhanced NALCN conductance but minimally inhibited Nav currents. Isoflurane at anesthetic concentrations depressed Nav currents and action potential am- plitudes. Isoflurane at sub-anesthetic concentrations depolarized resting membrane potential (RMP) of neurons, whereas hyperpolarized the RMP at anesthetic concentrations. Isoflurane at low concen- trations induced hyperactivity in vivo, which was diminished in NALCN knockdown mice. In conclusion, enhancement of NALCN by isoflurane contributes to its bidirectional modulation of neuronal excit- ability and the hyperactivity during induction.