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Data for: MACROPHAGES FROM A TYPE 1 DIABETES MOUSE MODEL PRESENT DYSREGULATED PI3K/AKT, ERK 1/2 AND SAPK/JNK LEVELS

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posted on 19.01.2020 by Joilson Martins, Thais Ayala, Fernando Tessaro, Leonardo Mendes Bella
Diabetes causes dysregulation in signal transduction in immune cells leading to an impaired response to pathogens. Herein, we investigated the impact of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM), using male non-diabetic and diabetic C57BL/6 mice (alloxan 60 mg/kg, i.v., CEUA/FCF/USP - 467). Diabetic BMDM expressed impaired phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), being lower p-PI3K p55 levels and higher levels of PI3K p110 alpha, whereas protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) (Ser-473 and Thr-308), extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK 1/2), and stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK/JNK) were enhanced compared to non-diabetic BMDM. Further evaluation of the responsiveness to lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 0.1 and 1 ug/mL), diabetic BMDM and peritoneal macrophage secreted dysregulated levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-10 levels. In 24 hours, diabetic BMDM stimulated by LPS presented lower metabolic activity, with no differences in cell surveillance. Therefore, LPS re-stimulation (0.1 ug/mL) in diabetic BMDM resulted in higher secretion of TNF-α compared to non-diabetic BMDM. However, diabetic peritoneal macrophages secreted similar IL-6 levels in the first and additional 24 hours of LPS stimulation. In general, our results demonstrated that diabetes exerts an impact in both BMDM and peritoneal macrophages ability to secrete cytokine under LPS stimulation.
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