A comparison of numerical approaches to the solution of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in one dimension

We present a simple, one-dimensional model of an atom exposed to a time-dependent intense, short-pulse EM field with the objective of teaching undergraduates how to apply various numerical methods to study the behavior of this system as it evolves in time using several time propagation schemes. In this model, the exact Coulomb potential is replaced by a soft-core interaction to avoid the singularity at the origin. While the model has some drawbacks, it has been shown to be a reasonable representation of what occurs in the fully three-dimensional hydrogen atom. The model can be used as a tool to train undergraduate physics majors in the art of computation and software development.


CC BY 4.0